quinta-feira, 21 de junho de 2012

Special Booklet – CAF 1 - UNIT 4 - Key

Unit 4 - Shape up

Section 1 – Summarizing


Section 2 - Editing

I hate exercising. I think I have pretty much hated (1) exercise for as long as
I can (2) remember (3). I suspect (4) there probably was (5) a time when I used (6) to
run around for fun, because when I look (7) at little kids they all seem (8) to do that. But to
be (9) honest, when it was (10) playtime at school, you’d generally find me quiet in the
corner with a book, rather than throwing (11) a ball around.

Section 3 – Vocabulary Activator

a) The art of achieving great and lasting success.
(x) accomplishing / durable

b) Cutting out coffee by taking one less sip a day.
(x) reducing / small amount of liquid swallowed

c) Reducing your sugar intake by one grain of sugar each time.
(x) ingestion

d) Change is frightening, he says.
(x) scary

e) …our brain which …
(x) the organ inside the head

f) …sets off alarm bells whenever we want to change our routine.
(x) to make an alarm start ringing

g) So, what we need to do is trick that brain.
(x) deceive

h) I’m jigging about on the spot for a minute.
(x) moving up and down / a particular place

i) And the next week, you add another minute, and so on.
(x) increase the amount

Section 4 – Paraphrasing

a) Work out a little / very little. Only a little bit. So little that you won’t even get
tired / remember / feel it.
b) The ability / the way to accomplish / to get to / to reach a fantastic result by
taking small steps / by doing a little every day/ by changing your routine a little each
c) Change is scary / We’re afraid of changing/,he tells us, and there’s something in our
brain that starts/ rings the bell / the alarm anytime we feel like changing our routine.

Special Booklet CAF 1 - UNIT 3 - Key

UNIT 3 - Travel Tips

Section 1: Vocabulary Activator
destination includingtravelling onawaremakeout amount  keep – 

Section 2: Reading Comprehension

( T ) Learn about the place you are traveling to before you leave your country.

( F ) Travel insurance should not really be considered since many countries have great
health system.

( F ) In an emergency you should contact the closest travel agency.

( T ) The Internet should be used for trip arrangements.

( F ) Once you have a visa you are sure to enter the country you are visiting.

( F ) Never make copies of your documents.

( T ) When travelling to some areas, make sure you get shots.

( F ) Nobody should have any information about your travel itinerary.

( T ) Carry some money in another wallet.

( T ) Make sure you memorize your passport number.

Section 3: Editing

I have traveled to many countries. The first country I visited when I was young was
Mexico. Since I grew up in California, this was the closest foreign country. I remember
seeing many poor dark-skinned people there with beautiful eyes.
While we were there, my father bought me a doll in Mexican clothes that I still have today.
This was the beginning of my travel experiences.
I have had mostly wonderful vacations in foreign countries.
However, my favorite place was Ghana, West Africa, because of the opportunities to visit
my family, the hospitable people, and the exotic environment.

Section 4: Paraphrasing
1. Greet other people who are travelling. You may need a helping hand along the

Say hi to the other tourists. One never knows when help will be needed.

2. Don’t call a lot of attention by wearing expensive outfits or by having costly bags
with you.

It’s a good idea not to be the center of attention when you are on a trip. Look
plain and simple.

3. Try to hide your belongings. Thieves tend to get what is in sight.

People may take what their eyes can see. Conceal your possessions.

Free answers to most exercises.

( 2 ) The Versailles Palace was built by Louis XIV.
( 4 ) Nat has less money than her sister.
( 1 ) They came to Number One in order to learn English.
( 5 ) The city where I was born has grown into an industrial center.
( 3 ) We should make all efforts to preserve our natural resources.

Special Booklet CAF 1 - UNIT 2 - Key

2. Relationships

Section 1 - Reading Comprehension

Paragraph 1 - Single-parent families: a new trend

Paragraph 2 - Single-parent households

Paragraph 3 - Single-parent families’ pressures

Paragraph 4 - How to solve single-parent families’ problems

Section 2 – Vocabulary Activator

1. It’s important to keep up with technology in order to get the most out of it.

2. Do men, women, and children share in the household chores?

3. Over a series of 10 workshops John and a team of experts will deliver to you the knowledge you need to excel in business.

4. The conservation of natural resources is the fundamental problem

5. Pressures are a normal part of life.

6. Breakup is one of the hardest things you can do, it breaks your heart inside, and you’re soon to be an ex-partner.

7. Humans are the only creatures that invent new technologies to solve problems.

8. Parents around the world are doing their best to raise their children to become happy, responsible adults.

9. Recently divorced parents may need a coach who can help them decide on the custody.

10. They supported him throughout his suffering.

Section 3 – Editing

a) Children may get angry at one parent for ending the marriage, breaking up their home and causing them pain.

b) In a healthy divorce both parents help the child deal with / work through the anger.

c) If things don't turn out the way you wanted them to, don't beat yourself up about it.

d) If you don’t improve your skills, it’s probable that you’ll keep making the same mistakes.

e) You and your partner need someone to talk to that will give you an objective outside opinion of the situation.

f) You never really understand a person until you see things from his point of view.

g) It is imperative that parents have a clear understanding for what is important for their children.

h) The best way to teach values to children is through everyday passion and example.

Section 4 – Paraphrasing

1. These days / Nowadays there are/ We can see many / various kinds/ types of single
parent families / families held / led by one parent.

2. The single parent will probably become exhausted / stressed / for having to take care /
look after his/her kids.

3. Single-parent families have to cope with/to handle/to go through many other problems
that a traditional family doesn’t have to.

4. The single parent can assist/give support to / members of the family / children to
overcome/to deal with/ problems if they talk to each other about how they feel and
what they think about the situation.


The Present Perfect is very similar to the Present Perfect Continuous. What’s the idea of PPC in the sentence above? Idea of continuity.

( I ) The –ing form is used before while and when.
It is used after while and when.
( C ) If there is a verb after a preposition, it must come in the –ing form.
( C ) After some verbs such as stop, finish, mind, etc. the verb must come in the -ing form.
( I ) After the verb go the –ing form is never used.

The –ing is used after the verb go.
( I ) The little girl felt sick while the trip.
during the trip.
( C ) The little girl felt sick while she was traveling / traveling.
( C ) I always feel sleepy during silly movies.

• John has been to Italy. = John has visited Italy before.
• Julia is in France right now. =  Julia has gone to France

_ Write C for Count nouns and NC for Non-Count nouns.

song / people / foot / dollar


furniture / money / music / homework / information / space/room / news  / love / water

_ Complete the sentences with already, still or yet.
- Have you talked to the doctor yet?
- No, the phone is still busy.
- I have already tried to contact him

Special Booklet CAF 1 - UNIT 1 - Key

1 - Limericks

Section 1 – Reading Comprehension
a) Simple Past - there was; named; grew; was bade; slipped; fell

b) A lady who was extremely thin.

c) bid (v to inf): (used especially in newspapers) to try to do, get or achieve sth
Syn: attempt

d) The girl was so thin that she fell through the straw in the lemonade.

e) Suggestion:
Once, there was a girl
Whose name was Lynn
And she was so slim / skinny
That when she attempted / tried / wanted / felt like
To sip / drink / drinking lemon juice / lemonade
She fell through the straw in the glass / mug / paper cup, etc.


Section 2 – Editing

There was a young woman named Bright
Whose speed was much faster than light.
She set out one day
In a relative way,
And returned on the previous night.

Section 3 – Vocabulary Activator

a) I jumped out of bed in the dead of night and went downstairs.

b) Her voice awoke the sleeping child.

c) Winning the medal was like a dream come true.

d) You gave me a fright jumping out at me like that.

Section 4 – Paraphrasing

He / It was a Peruvian guy/man
He went to sleep and he dreamed he had his shoe in his mouth/ He fell
asleep and dreamed he was having his shoe,
He woke up / he jumped out of bed frightened / scared/ afraid, in the middle of
the night/late at night/ at dawn.
And discovered his dream was real / became reality/ really happened